Root Canal Treatment is done to save a damaged tooth from extraction. The tooth can damage due to decay or infection and should not be ignored for longer. Because if ignored, the infection will spread to the nerves, blood vessels and tissues which then demand for root canal treatment.
A tooth can become infected or can damage due to various reasons. One of the most common reason is cavity that is often caused by plaque buildup. The cavities create a hole on the enamel and if left untreated it deepens the hole and causes infection. This will then reach the nerves and vessels of the tooth hence the damaging the tooth.
Apart from gum diseases, the other reasons are accident or trauma or repeated treatments on a specific tooth. The infection so spread can cause excruciating pain which immediately needs attention thereby preventing from any further damage.
With the spread of infection, the bacteria multiply in the pulp which cause abscessed tooth. It is a pus-filled pocket formed at the end of the root. This is a clear sign that you need to start looking for root canal charges and RCT treatment cost.
Though Root Canal can be performed by any dentist, but it is always advisable to get it done from a specialist. The doctor who specializes in it is called an Endodontist who is well trained to perform such task.
Root Canal Treatment is done in steps and often require more than one visit to a dentist. The root canal treatment is done in following steps:
STEP – 1
Your dentist will start the process by taking an X-Ray. This will help your dentist to know the exact condition of your tooth and determine if the infection has spread to the adjoining area or not.
STEP – 2
After exactly knowing the situation of your tooth with an X-Ray, your dentist will prepare your tooth for the surgery. He/she will numb the area of infection giving local anesthesia. This might not be necessary as the nerve is dead but still the dentist go for it to make the patient feel relaxed during the procedure.
STEP – 3
The infected area needs to be dry for the treatment, as a result, a rubber dam which is a rubber sheet is given by the dentist to be placed around the tooth.
STEP – 4
The actual process of the treatment will begin only after the above-mentioned preparation steps. The infected area needs to be cleaned and for that your dentist will drill the hole removing the debris from the tooth. It is very important to clean the tooth surface and for that your dentist will use special files to remove the diseased, dead of infected pulp from canals. Further, your dentist will also give the antimicrobial solution for the infected area to make sure there isn’t any bacteria left.
STEP – 5
After cleaning the area and making it disinfectant, your dentist will fill it with the help of gutta-percha which is a rubber-like material. The opening on your tooth will be closed with the help of temporary filling and a crown will then be placed after some time.
STEP – 6
The final step is restoration. Because root canal was initiated because of the infection, therefore, a crown is usually placed on the tooth to prevent it from breaking and it also gives strength.
The earlier mention of root canal treatment made people fearful as they were afraid of the pain it caused. But with the advancement in technology, dentistry today is painless. The equipment and the technique used today by dental professionals has helped people overcome that fear.
Despite all the advancements and special care, there may be some side effects as well, including –
- Mild tooth pain after the procedure. This is completely normal and will not last beyond a week. In some cases the pain does not stop even in a week’s time. The reason could be presence of bacteria which can cause the infection to begin again. Visit your dentist immediately if you face such situation
- During the root canal treatment if there was a crack which went unnoticed at the time of procedure, it can expose the rea for bacteria and infection. This demands immediate attention
- The treated tooth will expose if the crown becomes loose, which can then trigger the pain and can cause the infection to spread. This situation can only be handled by your dentist.
After the procedure is done you are required to take special care of your tooth.
- Maintain the oral hygiene by brushing twice a day, flossing and rinsing.
- If your dentist has prescribed any medicine make sure that you take those on time
- Because the area is numb, your dentist will advise you to not eat anything for a couple of hours just after the treatment.
- Any hard or crunchy food is avoided for a few days after getting the root canal treatment
A healthy living is a key for happy life. Make sure that you take care of your oral health the same way as you take care of your health.